Eight new developments across Europe have employed successful design and policy measures to limit car use. These developments have lower rates of car ownership and car mode share, and higher rates of bicycling, walking and transit use than comparable areas or their surrounding cities. This also means these developments have lower carbon footprints from transportation.
Greenwich Millennium Village in London has a car mode share of 18%, less than half of that in the surrounding district, which has a car mode share of 44%.Vauban, in Freiburg, Germany has a car mode share of 16% compared with the citywide average of 30%.
Car ownership rates in Houten are only 80% of that of the surrounding city of Zeist in The Netherlands.
Also in The Netherlands, bicycling mode share in GWL Terrein in Amsterdam is 50% compared with the rest of Amsterdam West, which has a cycling mode share of 32%.These developments have employed a combination of carrot and stick measures that promote walking, cycling and transit use, while regulating road use and parking to make car use less convenient.
It is also worth noting that nearly all of these developments were created in close proximity to existing urban centers and near good transit connections. This combined with strong design measures to make cycling and walking safe and pleasant take away a lot of the "need" for car ownership, and make commuting by car even less essential.Download the report from the Institute for Transportation& Development Policy for more information about all eight European developments.